目录2017年12月大四级真题试题一(完整版)1答案152017年12月大学英语四级真题试题二(完整版)15答案242017年12月大学英语四级真题试题三(完整版)24答案342017年12月大学英语四级真题试题一(完整版)Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an a short easy onhow to besthandle the relationship between doctorsand patients. You should write at least120words but no more than180words.Directions:In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear questions, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.1.A)Her grandfather. B)Hergrandfather.C) Her friend Erika. D)Her little brother.2.A) By taking pictures forpassersby.B)By selling lemonade andpictures.C)By working part time at ahospital.D)By asking for help on socialmedia.3.A)Testingtheefficiencyofthenewsolarpanel.B)Providing clean energy to five millionpeople.C)Generating electric power for pa
考专四的一些小诀窍马上又要考专四了，在这里想与大家分享一些本人考专四的经验。听力部分：听写 首先要特别注意听写的题目 因为它是整篇听写的总提纲 而且在听写中这个题目肯定会出现。然后最好是在平时的练习中设立一些自己惯用的缩写形式。对于有些听不懂的单词也不要着急，最重要的是要听出整个句子。因为听写的文章一般都不会很难，你可以猜一下单词。还有，听第一便的时候，最好先在草稿上写出每一句的开头，这样的话有助你后面的听写。听力 注意选项的迷惑，有时候太简单的的答案一定不会是它。如果有两个选项基本一样但细节不一样，那就一定是在这两个选项里选了。听新闻的时候一定要在听的时候注意选项。要是你听到了某个选项里的有关单词，那就是它了。因为新闻不会有太多的转折，它一般是平铺直述的。完型填空：如果有HOWEVER这个单词的选项，那基本上就是它了。有些选项其实会在文中出现。还有一些固定搭配，平时要注意积累。这部分考语法的很少，有也是从句部分的，注意THAT，WHICH，WHO等的用法。一般在你拿不准的情况下，选WHICH的可能性大。如果有IN WHICH这样的选项，那就选它。词汇与语法：把历年的真题全部做熟来。万变不离其中。是真的，而且我特别要讲一下下面这个语法。If he had worked hard,………..它在考题中一般会设成下种形式Had he worked hard……..如果是否定形式 那么要注意NOT是加在HE 的后面。阅读理解：终于到了我最强的一个部分了。我最多错三个。大家一定要注意时间。因为这部分在最后，考过试的就知道第一部分试卷到了一定的时间是要交的。很多人根本就没时间来做完，但我甚至还有时间检查。关键在于跳读。其实里面有很大一部分是废话，与选项无关的。大家肯定都知道要先看问题再去看文章，但要注意，你要看懂问题来。然后就直接去文章里找答案。有一些问题是可以直接找到答案的。如果是关于作者的态度或者是给文章最好的标题，那就要特别注意最后一段了。态度绝大部分是中立的。标题最好是用排除法来选。记得用铅笔在看的过程中划出与选项有关的部分，这样方便检查。选项中太绝对的答案肯定是不对的，太简短的也不是。一般是很完整的，很全面的，很委婉的，很中立的答案才是对的。如果选项中有类似与俗语之类的，那一般是选它。如果你实在没时间做了，那么就选最长的那个选项。写作：便条 背吧 很简单的文章 三段式，背几个基本句型，多写几个从句，其实很简单的，最好不要打草稿，作文的时间也不是很宽裕的。注意字要写好看点！！！！以上所说的是我的一些经验。很临时抱佛脚的那种。要想考好还是要平时多练，要是时间不多了，就不要背单词了，真的，很浪费时间。又没有效。只要把你每天作题时碰到的单词背一下就够了。然后注意复习你做过的题目。不要一错再错。听力就平时多听，没有好的办法了。考试前注意调整你的作息时间，很多人习惯晚睡晚起，这样很不好，因为考试是在早上8点。你要7点钟起来准备一下。在考前一个礼拜的时候开始调整你的习惯。考试时千万不要紧张，就和平时做题一样，记得考前一定要去上厕所，就算你没有尿意也最好去一下。考前少喝水，起床后最好运动一下，让自己HIGH一下。考试时注意时间，有些做不出的题就别管它，说不定等下你就知道了。任何不知道的选项就选C，它的几率是最大的。其实我习惯最后做语法，因为它是由三十个独立的小题组成的，不像完型或阅读，都是一个整体。不过，每个人有每个人的做题习惯。总之，就是希望大家可以在考试中考出好的成绩。攻克专业四级考试的“复合式听写”“大学英语四级统考于97年6月首次采用了“复合式听写”（Compound Dictation）这一题型，它比听力选择题更强调语言综合运用能力，考生不仅要具有良好的听的能力，还应具有较强的拼写能力，记笔记能力和书面表达能力，听的能力是“复合式听写”的基础，听写训练已有较多的书刊进行过介绍和研究。笔者打算结合自己的教学体会谈谈如何提高“复合式听写”的能力和应试方法。 1．通过卷面文字捕捉信息，找出线索、了解大意“复合式听写”材料多为说明文（Exposition），这一体裁的文章具不主题突出，条理分明，层次清楚、语言简洁、逻辑性强的特点。文章的开头或段首多半有主题句（topic sentence），之后的段、句进一步具体扩展、说明
2014年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案(第一套)Passage OneQuestions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.The rise of the Internet has been one of the most transformative developments in human history, comparable in impact to the invention of the printing press and the telegraph. Over two billion people worldwide now have access to vastly more information than ever before, and can communicate with each otherinstantly,often using Web-connected mobile devices they carry everywhere. But the Internet's tremendous impact has only just begun."Mass adoption of the Internet is driving one of the most exciting social, cultural, and political transformations in history, and unlike earlier periods of change, this time the effects are fully global," Schmidt and Cohen write in their new book The New Digital Age.Perhaps the most profound changes will come when the five billion people worldwide who currently lack Internet access get online. The authors do an excellent job of examining the implications of the Internet revolution for individuals, governments, and institutions like the news media. But if the book has one major shortcoming, it's that authors don't spend enough
Part I Writing (30minutes)
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D).For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
That’s enough, kids
It was a lovely day at the park and Stella Bianchi was enjoying the sunshine with her two children when a young boy, aged about four, approached her two-year-old son and pushed him to the ground.
“I’d watched him for a little while and my son was the fourth or fifth child he’d shoved,” she says.” I went over to them, picked up my son, turned to the boy and said, firmly, ’No, we don’t push,” What happened next was unexpected.
“The boy’s mother ran toward me from across the park,” Stella says,” I thought she was coming over to apologize, but instead she started shouting at me for disciplining her child, All I did was let him know his behavior was unacceptable. Was I supposed to sit back while her kid did whatever he wanted, hurting other children in the process”
Getting your own children to play nice is difficult enough. Dealing with other people’s children has become a minefield.
In my house, jumping on the sofa is not allowed. In my sister’s house it’s encouraged. For her, it’s about kids being kids:”If you can’t do it at three, when can you do it”
Each of these philosophies is valid and, it has to be said, my son loves visiting his aunt’s house. But I find myself saying “no” a lot when her kids are over at mine. That’s OK between sisters but becomes dangerous territory when you’re talking to the children of friends or acquaintances.
“Kids aren’t all raised the same,” agrees Professor Naomi White of Monash University.” But there is still an idea that they’re the property of the parent. We see our children as an extension of ourselves, so if you’re saying that my child is behaving inappropriately, then that’s somehow a criticism of me.”
In those circumstances, it’s difficult to know whether to approach the child directly or the parent first. There are two schools of thought.
“I’d go to the child first,” says Andrew Fuller, author of Tricky Kids. Usually a quiet reminder that ’we don’t do that here’ is enough. Kids nave finely tuned antennae (直觉) for how to behave in different settings.”
He points out bringing it up with the parent first may make them feel neglectful, which could cause problems. Of course, approaching the child first can bring its own headaches, too.
This is why White recommends that you approach the parents first. Raise your concerns with the parents if they’re there and ask them to deal with it,” she says.
Asked how to approach a parent in this situation, psychologist Meredith Fuller answers:”Explain your needs as well as stressing the importance of the friendship. Preface your remarks with something like: ’I know you’ll think I’m silly but in my house I don’t want…’”
When it comes to situations where you’re caring for another child, white is straightforward: “common sense must prevail. If things don’t go well, then have a chat.”
There’re a couple of new grey areas. Physical punishment, once accepted from any adult, is no longer appropriate. “A new set of considerations has come to the fore as part of the debate about how we handle children.”
For Andrew Fuller, the child-centric nature of our society has affected everyone:” The rules are different now from when today’s parents were growing up,” he says, “Adults are scared of saying: ’don’t swear’, or asking a child to stand up on a bus. They’re worried that there will be conflict if they point these things out – either from older children, or their parents.”
He sees it as a loss of the sense of common public good and public courtesy (礼貌), and says that adults suffer form it as much as child.
Meredith Fuller agrees: “A code of conduct is hard to create when you’re living in a world in which everyone is exhausted from overwork and lack of sleep, and a world in which nice people are perceived to finish last.”
“it’s about what I’m doing and what I need,” Andrew Fuller says. ”the days when a kid came home from school and said, “I got into trouble”. And dad said, ‘you probably deserved it’. Are over. Now the parents are charging up to the school to have a go at teachers.”
This jumping to our children’s defense is part of what fuels the “walking on eggshells” feeling that surrounds our dealings with other people’s children. You know that if you remonstrate(劝诫) with the child, you’re going to have to deal with the parent. it’s admirable to be protective of our kids, but is it good
“Children have to learn to negotiate the world on their own, within reasonable boundaries,” White says. “I suspect that it’s only certain sectors of the population doing the running to the school –better –educated parents are probably more likely to be too involved.”
White believes our notions of a more child-centred, it’s a way of talking about treating our children like commodities(商品). We’re centred on them but in ways that reflect positively on us. We treat them as objects whose appearance and achievements are something we can be proud of, rather than serve the best interests of the children.”
One way over-worked, under-resourced parents show commitment to their children is to leap to their defence. Back at the park, Bianchi’s intervention(干预) on her son’s behalf ended in an undignified exchange of insulting words with the other boy’s mother.
As Bianchi approached the park bench where she’d been sitting, other mums came up to her and congratulated her on taking a stand. “Apparently the boy had a longstanding reputation for bad behaviour and his mum for even worse behaviour if he was challenged.”
Andrew Fuller doesn’t believe that we should be afraid of dealing with other people’s kids. “look at kids that aren’t your own as a potential minefield,” he says. He recommends that we don’t stay silent over inappropriate behaviour, particularly with regular visitors.
1. What did Stella Bianchi expect the young boy’s mother to do when she talked to him
A) make an apology
B) come over to intervene
C) discipline her own boy
D) take her own boy away
2. What does the author say about dealing with other people’s children
A) it’s important not to hurt them in any way
B) it’s no use trying to stop their wrongdoing
C) it’s advisable to treat them as one’s own kids
D) it’s possible for one to get into lots of trouble