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英语动词短语

英语动词短语:我们一起跟着英语老师来了解英语动词短语的用法语音分享,点击下面的mp3即可收听! Today, we are going to talk about phrasal …

英语动词短语:我们一起跟着英语老师来了解英语动词短语的用法语音分享,点击下面的mp3即可收听!

Today, we are going to talk about phrasal verbs.

今天,我们将讨论短语动词。

You may remember that a phrasal verb is a verb plus one or two more words called “particles.” Particles can be prepositions or adverbs. There are several common particles in phrasal verbs, such as the word “off.” One example of a phrasal verb is “go off.”
您可能还记得,短语动词是一个动词,外加一两个单词,称为”粒子”。粒子可以是介词或副词。短语动词中有几个常见的粒子,例如单词”关闭”。短语动词的一个示例是”走开”。

英语动词短语 -1

Phrasal verbs usually have idiomatic meanings. In other words, the verb and particle together mean something different from what each individual word suggests.https://www.ienglishcn.com/
短语动词通常具有惯用的含义。换句话说,动词和粒子一起意味着与每个单词所暗示的不同的东西。

The phrasal verb “go off,” for instance, is made of the verb “go” and the particle “off.” But “go off” can mean to make a sudden loud noise.
例如,短语动词”go off”由动词”go”和粒子”关闭”。但”走开”可能意味着发出突然的巨响。

The English language contains a lot of phrasal verbs. Luckily, you do not need to know all of them. Some are more common than others.
英语包含许多短语动词。幸运的是,你不需要知道所有这些。有些比另一些更常见。

A listening exercise
听力练习

On today’s Everyday Grammar program, we will talk about four common phrasal verbs with the word “off.” They are “go off,” “put off” “drop off” and “pay off.” As you will learn today, some of these verbs can be separated by other words. Others cannot.
在今天的”日常语法”节目中,我们将讨论四个常用短语动词,单词为”off”。他们是”走”,”推迟””下车”和”还清”。正如你今天所学到的,这些动词中有些可以用其他单词来分隔。其他人不能。

Let’s do a short listening exercise.
让我们做一个简短的听力练习。

Listen to this speaker talk about starting his day. Pay attention to the four phrasal verbs with “off” and make a mental note that some are separated by other words:
听这个演讲者谈论开始他的一天。注意四个短语动词与”关闭”,并作出心理注意,有些被其他词分开:

This morning, as my alarm went off, I remembered that I have a few important things to do today. It has been a busy week, but I can’t put these tasks off any longer. First, I have to drop some donations off at local food banks. Then, I am going to pay off my car loan. I am so excited to make the final payment!
今天早上,当我的闹钟响了的时候,我记得我今天有几件重要的事情要做。这是忙碌的一周,但我不能再推迟这些任务了。首先,我必须在当地食品银行捐款。然后,我要还清我的汽车贷款。我很高兴能支付最后款项!

Did you catch all four verbs? And did notice that some were separated by other words while others were not? Good.
你抓到所有四个动词了吗?有没有注意到, 有些人被其他词分开, 而其他人没有?很棒。

Now, let’s examine meanings for each verb and talk about how to use them. Note that each of today’s verbs has more than one meaning; we will focus on the meanings used in the listening exercise.
现在,让我们检查每个动词的含义,并讨论如何使用它们。请注意,今天的每个动词都具有多个含义;我们将集中讨论听力练习中使用的含义。

Go off (intransitive verb)
离开(不变性动词)

The verb “go off” means to make a sudden loud noise. We use this meaning in relation to alarms on machines or electronics, such as an alarm clock or a phone alarm or fire alarm.https://www.ienglishcn.com/
动词”走开”是指发出突然的巨响。我们使用这个含义与机器或电子产品上的闹钟,如闹钟或电话报警或火灾报警。

Listen again to how our speaker used it:
再次了解我们的演讲者如何使用它:

This morning, as my alarm went off, I remembered that I have a few important things to do today.
今天早上,当我的闹钟响了的时候,我记得我今天有几件重要的事情要做。

Notice that the speaker used the simple past tense form of the verb “go,” which is “went.”
请注意,演讲者使用了动词”go”的简单过去时态形式,即”go”。

“Go off” is what we call an intransitive verb.
“走开”就是我们所说的不妥协动词。

Transitive or intransitive
过渡性或非传递性

Phrasal verbs in English are either transitive or intransitive.
英语中的措辞动词要么是过渡性的,要么是不可传递的。

A transitive verb needs a direct object to express a complete thought. A direct object is a person or thing that receives the action of the verb.
传递动词需要一个直接的对象来表达一个完整的思想。直接对象是接收动词动作的人或事。

Intransitive verbs, such as “go off,” do not have a direct object. And they are not separable. That means, in sentences, we cannot separate them with other words.
不转换动词,如”走开”,没有直接对象。它们不是可分离的。这意味着,在句子中,我们不能用其他词来区分它们。

But, transitive phrasal verbs can be separable or inseparable. That means you can put the direct object in the middle of the verb or after it.
但是,过渡性短语动词可以是可分离的或不可分割的。这意味着您可以将直接对象放在动词的中间或之后。

Put off (something)
推迟(某物)
Put (something) off
推迟(某物)

A good example of a transitive and separable phrasal verb is “put off.” It means to delay something or decide it will happen at a later time.
过渡和可分离短语动词的一个很好的例子是”推迟”。它的意思是延迟某事或决定它将在以后发生。

Here is how our speaker used it:
以下是我们的扬声器如何使用它:

It has been a busy week but I can’t put these tasks off any longer.
这是忙碌的一周,但我不能再推迟这些任务了。

Can you find the direct object in the sentence? It is “these tasks.” Notice that this object appears in the middle of the verb.
你能在句子中找到直接的对象吗?是”这些任务”请注意,此对象显示在动词的中间。

Again, with separable phrasal verbs, direct objects can appear after the verb. So how would the sentence read then? Think about it as we move to our next verb.
同样,使用可分离的短语动词,直接对象可以出现在动词之后。那么,这句话会怎么读呢?当我们转到下一个动词时,想想看。

Drop off (something)
放下 (东西)
Drop (something) off
放下 (东西)

Next up is the verb “drop off.” It means to take something or someone to a place and then leave. This verb is also transitive and separable.
接下来是动词”放下”。意思是带某样东西或某人去某地,然后离开。这个动词也是过渡性的和可分离的。

Here is how our speaker used it a moment ago:
以下是我们的演讲者不久前如何使用它:

First, I have to drop some donations off at local food banks.
首先,我必须在当地食品银行捐款。

Notice that the speaker separated the verb “drop off” by the direct object “some donations.”
请注意,演讲者将动词”丢弃”由直接对象”一些捐赠”分隔。

Since it is possible to put the direct object after this verb, let’s hear how that would sound:
由于可以在此动词之后将直接对象放在后面,因此让我们听听这听起来如何:

First, I have to drop off some donations at local food banks.
首先,我必须在当地食品银行捐款。

Both ways of using separable phrasal verbs are common and grammatically correct. And there is no change in meaning.
使用可分离短语动词的两种方法都是常见的,语法正确。意义没有改变。

Pay off (something)
付钱(某样东西) 
Pay (something) off
付 (某样)还清

Finally, we have the verb “pay off.” It means to complete payment on something that you owe, such as a bill or a loan. This verb, too, is transitive and separable.
最后,我们有动词”还清”。它意味着完成您欠下的东西的付款,如账单或贷款。这个动词也是过渡性的和可分离的。

Do you remember how it was used? The speaker talked about his car loan. Here is what he said:
你还记得它是怎么用的吗?演讲者谈到他的汽车贷款。以下是他说的:

Then, I am going to pay off my car loan. I am so excited to make the final payment!
然后,我要还清我的汽车贷款。我很高兴能支付最后款项!

The speaker did not separate the verb with the direct object. However, if he had put the object in the middle, how would the sentence read then? Think about it for a moment.
演讲者没有将动词与直接对象分开。然而,如果他把对象放在中间,那么句子会怎么读呢?想一想。

Closing thoughts
结束想法

Well, that brings us to the end of today’s program.www.ienglishcn.com
嗯,这让我们结束了今天的节目。

Phrasal verbs can be difficult, but often their particles provide clues to their meanings. For example, many phrasal verbs with the particle “off” relate to separating, completing or ending something.
短语动词可能很难,但通常它们的粒子为它们的含义提供线索。例如,许多带粒子”关闭”的措辞动词与分离、完成或结束某物有关。
I’m Alice Bryant.
我是爱丽丝·布莱恩特

Practice what you learned today!
练习今天学到的东西!

In the comments section below, rewrite the sentence examples for “put off” and “pay off” by placing the direct objects after the phrasal verbs.
在下面的注释部分中,通过将直接对象放在短语动词后面,重写”推迟”和”还清”的句子示例。
________________________________________________________________

Words in This Story
这个故事中的单词

task –n. a piece of work that is given to someone to do
任务n.给某人做的工作

focus –v. to cause attention to be brought to something or someone
焦点=v.引起对某事或某人的注意

alarm –n. a device that makes a loud sound as a warning or signal
报警n.发出响亮的声音作为警告或信号的设备

tense –n. a form of a verb in English that shows when an action happened
时态n.英语中动词的一种形式,显示操作发生时

bill –n. a document that shows how much you owe for a certain good or service
账单n.显示您欠某个产品或服务多少的文件

clue –n. a piece of information or sign that helps a person find something or someone

线索 n.帮助某人找到某样东西或某人的信息或标志

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