9） ECONOMIC REFORMS IN CHINA China has taken her economic reforms for nearly two decades. People have greatly benefited from the free market economy. Year in and year out， our salaries are higher and higher， and at the same time， our deposit secured steadily. With money in pocket， people can turn their eyes to other forms of consumption instead of living necessities： They have more opportunities to enjoy their lives. Meanwhile the number of people in poverty also decreased greatly. China， now full of confidence， is catching up with other developed nations.
However， there do exist some problems in the reformation of economy in China. First of all， with the aggravation of leans in some state-owned or state-operated corporations， more and more people lose their jobs. That will make not only those laid-off workers but the whole society lose confidence and will hinder the development in economy. Secondly， deficit in bank has become a major problem in the reformation in China. Thirdly， the polarization of the society gets more and more serious. The rich have become richer and the poor poorer.
In spite of all these difficulties， people don‘ t feel frustrated. They still feel happy and confident about the future. They expect the government can continue the reformation in economics and solve all these difficulties.
10） AIR POLLUTION
Air pollution is one of the major problems of the modern world. As is known to all， air is essential for life， but it has been getting polluted almost everywhere. Air pollution is more serious in industrialized countries. With the development of industry， the number of various kinds of vehicles and factories is rapidly increasing. They give off a great amount of gas， which is poisonous and harmful to the health of people.
Scientists are finding ways to stop air pollution especially in big industrial areas and densely-populated cities. For instance， people have fixed special device on a car to reduce its end gas.
Measures have been taken to purify the poisonous gases to a great degree. Smokeless fuels like natural gas are used by more and more citizens. New factories are not allowed to be put up in the center of cities， and factories have used soot-eliminating devices or built recovery towers and sewage treatment tanks to turn the harmful into the beneficial.
However， we still have a long way to go before we have a “clean” world. Air pollution is a world-wide problem. It can‘t be solved easily within a day or night. People all over the world should make concerted efforts to reduce air pollution step by step.
11） WOMAN‘S POSITION
Almost 50 years have passed since China‘s liberation. “Though the position of women has improved to a level higher than used to be the case， it is not high enough. The situation can be reflected from the facts of woman’s social life.
Firstly， in many rural areas， the problem of looking down on female children is very serious.
To give birth to a boy， peasants run here and there to escape the punishment of the authorities， and a few people even throw the newly-born girl baby in the open. Moreover， to the children‘s education， the parents adopt quite different attitudes. If their money is limited， they always send the boys to school ad let the girls stay at home to earn money. They often say， “Daughters eventually will belong to others.
Though some female students are lucky enough to enter college， they will force the problem of employment after their graduation. Most companies would rather accept boys. About this they have many so-called excuses. If the female employees get married， they will have much trouble. They will need a long time to take a care of the baby. Some women who have been accepted by the company will have few chances to be trained or promoted for the same reason. Now among the senior leaders of the state there are only a few women， so many important policies will not reflect women‘s thoughts and desires.
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